The immune system and diabetes are closely intertwined. But does diabetes really weaken immunity? Keep reading to learn more about the relationship between diabetes and the immune system… Type 1 Diabetes vs. Type 2 Diabetes Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes are caused by problems with insulin—a hormone that regulates blood glucose (sugar). Insulin is produced in the pancreas. It regulates blood sugar by moving glucose from the blood and into your cells where it’s used to produce energy. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease, meaning the immune system attacks healthy cells. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks healthy insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Without insulin, glucose gets stuck in the blood and causes high blood sugar. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or the body becomes resistant to …
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