Type 1 diabetes – Your body does not make insulin.
Type 2 diabetes – Your body is insulin resistant and cannot properly absorb glucose. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes.
Gestational (jest-TAY-shun-al) diabetes – Some women get this kind of diabetes when they are pregnant. Most of the time, it goes away after the baby is born.
While there isn’t a cure for Diabetes, studies show it is possible to reverse it with lifestyle changes. Meaning through lifestyle changes you may be able to reach and hold normal blood sugar levels without medication. This doesn’t mean you are cured. Should you choose to go back to the lifestyle that created the disease it will be back in full force.
Is Diabetes Serious?
As diabetes is becoming more and more common, you may have heard people say they have “pre-diabetes” or that their “sugar is a little high.” These words might suggest that diabetes is not a serious disease. That is not correct. Diabetes is serious, but you can learn to manage it and reverse its effect.
Diabetes is a progressive disease and has statistically been proven to lower life expectancy. After many years, too much sugar in the blood can cause problems in your body. It can harm your eyes, kidneys, nerves, skin, heart, and blood vessels.
Why Choose To Manage Your Diabetes With Lifestyle Changes Instead Of Medications?
There are a variety of diabetic medications that are available and many diabetics take more than one. Diabetic drugs like all medication may have side effects. Listed below are some common diabetic medications and their side effects.
Common side effects of Precose include:
Stomach pain in the first few weeks of treatment
Other side effects of Precose are rare but very serious side effects of Precose including:
Persistent nausea or vomiting
Severe stomach or abdominal pain
Yellowing eyes or skin
Bromocriptine mesylate was just approved by the FDA to help improve glycemic control in adult type 2 diabetics. Some of the less serious side effects include:
Cold feeling or numbness in your fingers
More serious side effects may include:
Pain when you breathe
Shortness of breath,
Muscle movements you cannot control
Loss of balance or coordination
Bloody or tarry stools
Coughing up blood or vomit
Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are a relatively new class of oral diabetes drugs. Also known as gliptins. Some adverse effects include:
The common side effects of insulin include:
Initial weight gain
Blood sugar that drops too low
Rashes, bumps, or swelling around the injection site
Upper respiratory infections.
Anxiety or depression.
The most common side effects of meglitinides are hypoglycemia and weight gain.
Metformin has a black box warning by the FDA, which means there are some serious sometimes life-threatening adverse reactions to the drug. Specifically, anyone with chronic kidney disease should not take metformin because it can cause lactic acidosis.
The most common side effects associated with SGLT-2 inhibitors include
Vaginal yeast infections
Yeast infections of the penis
Upper respiratory tract infections
Other side effects but not as common
Hypoglycemia when combined with insulin or drugs that increase insulin secretion
Sulfonylureas (Glimepiride, Glyburide, Glipizide)
Sulfonylureas were created in the 1940s and were the first medications to treat diabetes. Side effects may include:
Common side effects include:
Reduced sense of touch
Chest pain and infections
Allergic skin reactions
Less common but more dangerous side effects include:
Managing Your Diabetes
Here at Complete Care we don’t just give you a handout and tell you to “watch what you eat or exercise more”. We offer one-on-one coaching where you learn exactly how to change your lifestyle so that you can reverse your diabetes. Some of what we teach, offer support and accountability in includes:
Foods to Avoid and Foods to Enjoy
What to eat During the Holidays
What Snacks to Choose
How to Optimize Sleep
Strategies for Stress Reduction
Avoiding Lifestyle Pitfalls
With a lifestyle change, most people can manage their fasting blood sugar levels without medication. This will allow you to begin stair stepping off medications with the help and supervision of your provider.